Our people

If it is in our power to prevent something bad from happening, without thereby sacrificing anything of comparable moral importance, we ought, morally, to do it.
Peter Singer, Australian moral philosopher and professor at Princeton University

Board of Directors

Our Board of Directors provides the oversight, accountability, wisdom, guidance, and networking that any non-profit, service-focused organization needs to be successful, sustainable, effective, and respected. Our Board is comprised of distinguished leaders in both international relief and development, and in development ethics, as described below:

Charlie Bell smiling in a suit with no tie
Charlie Bell
Treasurer
Charlie Bell is a Senior Vice President for WSP US, and he is responsible for its Overseas Integrated Development practice. In this capacity, he manages economic and institutional development reforms related to economic growth, governance, community development and planning programs in transitional economies around the world. He has worked in more than 40 countries in all regions of the world with a variety of funding clients: USAID, DFID, DFAT, JICA, World Bank, private sector and regional development banks. His results-oriented management approach has promoted sustainable livelihoods, gender and social inclusion and economic development (e.g. more than $1.5 billion in microfinance loans, more than $1 billion in new sales, and over 840,000 new jobs). He has also been active in development sectors that include governance, local capacity building and workforce development; and new/rehabilitated critical infrastructure in fragile states (e.g. schools, health clinics, tertiary roads). Charlie currently serves on the Advisory Board for the Kenan Institute for Ethics at Duke University.
Charles Cadwell in a suit and red tie
Charles Cadwell
Secretary

Charles (Chas) Cadwell has worked in international development for 30 years and is currently an Insitute Fellow at the Urban Insitute in Washington, D.C. For 12 years he led the Urban Institute’s Center on International Development and Governance. The Urban Institute’s focus in developing coutries is targeted at urban service delivery, governance of public goods, aid effectiveness and political economy. Chas joined the Urban Institute following 16 years of prior service as the Director of the University of Maryland’s IRIS Center, based in the Department of Economics. His recent work also includes research on economic growth’s effects on women’s empowerment, studies of social networks in refugee settings, and assessments of urban resilience efforts. Chas has taught decentralization and service delivery at the George Washington University Elliott School of International Affairs.

Chas has a law degree from The George Washington University and a BA from Yale College. He has
worked in the White House Office of Consumer Affairs, the Office of Advocacy at the U.S. Small
Business Administration, in private law practice, and in private business.

Luis Camacho smiles in a suit with a bookcase behind
Luis Camacho

Dr. Luis Camacho currently serves as the president of the Costa Rican Philosophy Association, and he was a co-founder of the International Development Ethics Association (IDEA). He is an Emeritus Professor at the School of Philosophy at the University of Costa Rica, and he was formerly the Dean of Graduate Studies and Vice-President for Academic Affairs at the same University. Luis is also a member of the boards of the Iberoamerican Leibniz Society and of the Interamerican Philosophy Association.

Luis holds a Master’s degree in Philosophy from the Central University of Madrid, Spain, and a Ph.D. from the Catholic University of America, in Washington D.C. He has been a visiting professor at the National University of Honduras, the Iliff School at Denver University, at Swarthmore College in Pennsylvania, and at Michigan State University. Among his publications, he is the author of Filosofía para la Educación Diversificada, Introducción a la lógica, Lógica Simbólica Básica, Ensayo sobre la Mediocridad, Ciencia y tecnología en el subdesarrollo, Tecnología para el Desarrollo Humano, Lectura inteligente, La ciencia en su historia and articles in the Encyclopedia of Life Supporting Systems (París: UNESCO, 2005).

David Crocker smiling in a suit and tie
David Crocker
David A. Crocker is Professor Emeritus at the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland, USA. He specializes in sociopolitical philosophy, international development ethics, transitional justice, democracy and democratization, and the ethics of consumption. After three degrees from Yale University (MDiv, MA, and PhD), David taught philosophy for 25 years at Colorado State University, where he established one of the world's first courses in ethics and international development. He was a visiting professor at the University of Munich, was twice a Fulbright Scholar at the University of Costa Rica, held the UNESCO Chair in Development at the University of Valencia (Spain), and taught at the National Autonomous University of Honduras, the University of Chile, and the University of the Andes (Colombia). He has been a consultant with the Inter-American Development Bank, USAID, the World Bank, and the International Center for Transitional Justice. David was also the founder and former president of
the International Development Ethics Association (IDEA).
Stacy Kosko, a smiling brunette in an orange top
Stacy Kosko
Vice Chair
Dr. Stacy J. Kosko is Associate Research Professor, and Associate Director of the Minor in International Development and Conflict Management (MIDCM), in the Department of Government and Politics at the University of Maryland. Her research and consulting work focuses on development ethics, human rights, and marginalized populations.  She spent the 2017-2018 academic year as a Fulbright Scholar in Moldova.  With Lori Keleher, she is the editor of Agency and Democracy in Development Ethics (Cambridge 2019).  She is a fellow and officer of the Human Development and Capability Association and on the executive board of the International Development Ethics Association.  She holds a PhD in Public Policy and development from the University of Maryland and an MS in Foreign Service and international conflict management from Georgetown University, with a certificate in Refugee and Humanitarian Emergencies.
Alice Kouadio in a colorful collared shirt
Odounfa Alice Kouadio
Dr. Odounfa Alice Kouadio from the Ivory Coast is a statistical engineer and a retired research professor of economic sciences and development at University Alassane Ouattara of Bouaké, in the Ivory Coast. She holds a doctorate in economic sciences, and she is founding member of the International Joint Research Unit on Resilience, co-chaired by the Ivorian Center for Economic and Social Research (CIRES) and the International Research Institute for Development (IRD). Her research themes concentrate on living conditions of households, inequalities in access to education, and the establishment of observatories on resilience. She also chairs the NGO "Group for Studies on Education in Africa - Ivory Coast Section (GRETAF- CI), which is an NGO distinguished by having generated the conceptual framework for the production of higher education statistics in WAEMU countries. From 2016 to 2017, she was involved in a research program on tertiary education reform, and she is currently interested in the issue of equity in the educational processes in local colleges.
Hadeel Qazzaz smiles in a dark blue outfit with a light grey hijab
Hadeel Qazzaz
Dr. Hadeel Qazzaz is a leading gender equality specialist with expertise in research and policy development. Based in Palestine, she has over two decades of experience in the development of local and global policy documents and guidelines, including national human development reports and national poverty reports, gender-responsive budgeting, gender equality mainstreaming in national and local governments, countering gender-based violence, and strengthening women’s political participation in local and national elections. Skilled in monitoring and evaluation, she has also developed research methods to evaluate and better enable women’s political participation, civic education, human rights, good governance, and gender-responsive budgeting in partnership with Miftah, UNESCO, UNFPA, Palestinian Legislative Council, Women’s Affairs Technical Committees (WATC) and other stakeholders active in the region.

Hadeel is the author of more than 25 research papers on gender equality issues in the Middle East. She holds a Doctor of Education degree in the policy and planning of adult and continuing education, from the University of Leeds, in the UK.

Steve Roth smiles in a suit without a tie in front of a colorful background
Steve Roth
Steve Roth is the Executive Director of the Organization for Refuge, Asylum & Migration (ORAM), a pioneering international organization working for the protection of exceptionally vulnerable LGBTIQ refugees and asylum seekers. A globally oriented strategic thinker and connector, he leads the organization’s strategic development in conjunction with its board of directors; directs its programmatic work, development, and communications; and he oversees operations and partner relations.

Prior to his current service, Steve served as Senior Director of Global Initiatives at Out & Equal Workplace Advocates, where he led the organization’s efforts to advance LGBTIQ workplace inclusion globally. Earlier still, he served as the founding Executive Director of Alturi, a non-profit whose mission is to educate and engage Americans on global LGBTIQ issues.  In 2008, he founded OutThink Partners, a boutique communications, marketing and advocacy organization specializing in the LGBTIQ market. Steve graduated from the University of Chicago in Latin American Studies and speaks Spanish, Portuguese and Japanese.

Chloe Schwenke, smiling in a black top
Chloe Schwenke
Chair

Dr. Chloe Schwenke is an international development ethicist, practitioner, human rights activist, researcher and educator. Her career has focused on gender equality & social inclusion (GESI), LGBTQ+, governance, peacebuilding, and on human rights. In addition to her wide range of policy, programming, research and advocacy work on LGBTQ+ issues, her GESI experience includes policy, project, and research work on GBV, child marriage, male engagement, and women’s role in peacebuilding. Her experience in conflict mitigation and peacebuilding includes conflict vulnerability analyses, peacebuilding programming and evaluation, and community-driven/participatory development in post-conflict settings (Somalia, South Sudan, Gaza Strip).

Chloe’s career covers project experience in over 40 countries. She served as a political appointee at USAID under the Obama Administration, as Senior Advisor on democracy, human rights, and governance in sub-Saharan Africa, and on LGBTQ+ issues globally. Later she was VP for Global Programs at Freedom House, and then she did a one-year grant at ICRW to direct research on social inclusion, GBV, male engagement, and child marriage. She currently serves as an adjunct professor at the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland at College Park.

Senior Advisory Council

The Senior Advisory Council provides regular support, guidance, technical insights, best practices, and inspiration to the staff of the Center. As with the Board, the Council is also comprised of an intentional blend of prominent development ethicists and philosophers, a graduate student in international development studies, and several highly experienced international relief and development practitioners, as described below:

Troy Caruana, bearded and in a suit
Troy Caruana
Troy Caruana is currently a master’s candidate at the Global Human Development (GHD) Program at Georgetown University’s School of Foreign Service. Prior to joining GHD, Troy spent three years with Peace Corps Benin, where he served as an English teacher. Much of his work focused on improving educational practices and addressing gender disparities at local secondary schools. Troy concurrently served as Peace Corps Benin’s Gender Equality and Women’s Empowerment program coordinator. In that role, he oversaw the program’s national youth development and gender-focused projects. Troy also worked with Peace Corps Volunteers to design, implement, and secure funding for over one hundred gender-focused projects.Troy is a native of Buffalo, New York. He graduated from SUNY Buffalo State with a dual major in Philosophy and French. He is interested in education policy and improving access to quality education for marginalized populations, particularly women. He is also passionate about expanding his explorations of the ethics of international development as well as bridging the gap between ethical theory and development practice. Troy speaks French and Fon (an indigenous language in Benin), and his primary region of professional practitioner interest is Sub-Saharan Africa.

Phil Crehan in a suit
Phil Crehan
Phil Crehan is an independent consultant and researcher, promoting the human rights and socio-economic empowerment of excluded groups, focusing on LGBTI people as well as issues surrounding gender, disability, migration, and food security. He has been at the forefront of articulating international LGBTI issues as a matter of economic development and poverty alleviation, being part of the first-ever research that measured the economic “cost” of excluding LGBT people. He has worked for the World Bank in Latin America, Caribbean, Europe, and Asia, and was awarded by the World Bank's President, Vice President, and Senior Directors. He has collaborated with various institutions, including the World Bank, the Inter-American Development Bank, UNDP, and the OAS, and written for the World Economic Forum, the Journal of Research in Gender Studies, the Atlantic Council, and Slate. He holds a Master’s degree from American University’s School of International Service on human rights and economic development.
Jay Drydyk, wearing glasses and a collared shirt
Jay Drydyk
Dr. Jay Drydyk is a Canadian philosopher who examines development in relation to ethics and social/global justice. With co-editor Lori Keleher he mobilized 40+ colleagues worldwide to produce the Routledge Handbook of Development Ethics in 2019. His analysis of empowerment and other values of development ethics resulted from two projects on development-induced displacement, in which he worked with colleagues in India to study ethical risks that arise when development displaces people and their communities. The results were published in Displacement by Development: Ethics, Rights and Responsibilities (Cambridge 2011). He has also co-edited Human Rights: India and the West (Oxford 2015) and Theorizing Justice: Critical Insights and Future Directions (Rowman Littlefield 2016). He is Professor of Philosophy at Carleton University (Canada), past President of the International Development Ethics Association, and President-Elect of the Human Development and Capability Association.
Lori Keheler in a blue top
Lori Keleher
Dr. Lori Keleher is a Professor of Philosophy at New Mexico State University, USA. Her research focus is development ethics, with particular interest in agency, empowerment, the capabilities approach, and integral human development ethics. With Jay Drydyk, she is the co-editor of The Routledge Handbook of Development Ethics. With Stacy Kosko, she is the co-editor of Agency and Democracy in Development Ethics. She is Vice President of the International Development Ethics Association and serves on the Executive Council and as a Fellow for the Human Development Capability Association.
Christile Koggel leaning on a hand and laughing in a red shirt
Christine Koggel
Dr. Christine M. Koggel is Professor of Philosophy at Carleton University, Ottawa, Canada. Her book, Perspectives on Equality: Constructing a Relational Theory, has shaped the foundation for her research interests in the areas of moral theory, practical ethics, social and political theory, and feminism. She is the editor of Moral Issues in Global Perspective and Examining Injustice: Foundational, Structural, and Epistemic Issues; co-editor of Contemporary Moral Issues, Care Ethics: New Theories and Applications, and Gender Justice and Development: Local and Global; and author of numerous journal articles and chapters in edited collections. Her current research in development ethics uses the lens of feminist relational theory to explore concepts and issues relevant to a global context.
Jess Ogden in a black top with a necklace
Jess Ogden

Dr. Jessica Ogden currently serves as the Director of External Relations at the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW). In this role, she oversees the business development team, and communications and fundraising professionals, to build strong stakeholder relationships and visibility across ICRW and its community. Jessica has been working as a social anthropologist in international development for over 25 years. She has published widely in the scholarly press and contributed to edited volumes on AIDS, public health ethics, and on gender and tuberculosis. She has a Ph.D. in Social Anthropology from the University of Hull in the UK.

From 2008–2014, Jess operated her own consultancy firm, conducting research and analysis, as well as writing on gender and global public health. From May 2002 to early 2008, she worked at ICRW as a Senior Technical Specialist in the HIV/AIDS and Development Unit, and as the Senior Technical Adviser to the President. During that period, she led research on a range of topics, including HIV-related stigma, HIV prevention policy and gender. Between 1995 and 2001, she was on the staff of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, where she served as Lecturer, then Senior Lecturer, in Social Anthropology.

Byaruhanga Rukooko Archangel in a white collared shirt
Byaruhanga Rukooko Archangel
Born in the west of Uganda, Prof. Rukooko earned his Master’s degree in philosophy at the University of Nairobi in Kenya, and his doctorate in philosophy at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. He has taught philosophy at Makerere University since 1989 to date, where he now serves as a Professor. Previously, Prof. Rukooko was Deputy Dean and then Dean in the Faculty of Arts until 2014, and founder of the Makerere Centre for Applied Ethics. He co-authored a book titled Cultures at Crossroads: Homosexuality and Human rights in Uganda (Kampala, 2017), and is currently at work on another book titled The Passion to Legislate against Homosexuals in Uganda. Prof. Rukooko has been a member of the International Development Ethics Association (IDEA) since 2006 when he
co-convened the 7th IDEA Conference, which was held at Makerere University on the topic of Accountability, Responsibility and Integrity: The Ethical Challenges of Development to Sub-Saharan Africa and Beyond.
Bobby Herman smiling in a suit
Bobby Herman
Dr. Robert (Bobby) Herman joined Management Systems International as Senior Vice President for Programs in late 2018 after more than a dozen years in a similar capacity at Freedom House.  He oversees a portfolio that includes democracy, human rights and governance; accountability and transparency; peacebuilding, conflict prevention and countering violent extremism; and gender and inclusion.  He served in the Clinton Administration, first at USAID focused on political transition in Central/Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union, and later on the State Department’s Policy Planning Staff, where he worked as an adviser to Secretary of State Madeleine Albright on democracy and human rights globally. Bobby also held positions with the Open Society Foundation, the Brookings Institution, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and as a congressional staff member. He has been directly involved in a wide array of projects in more than 50 countries.
 
He received his Ph.D. in Government with a concentration in international relations from Cornell University, a Masters’ in Public Affairs from Princeton University’s Woodrow Wilson School, and his BA with Honors at Swarthmore College.

Senior Staff

Chloe Schwenke, smiling in a black top
Chloe Schwenke
President
Dr. Chloe Schwenke is an international development ethicist, practitioner, human rights activist, researcher and educator. Her career has focused on gender equality & social inclusion (GESI), LGBTQ+, governance, peacebuilding, and on human rights. In addition to her wide range of policy, programming, research and advocacy work on LGBTQ+ issues, her GESI experience includes policy, project, and research work on GBV, child marriage, male engagement, and women’s role in peacebuilding. Her experience in conflict mitigation and peacebuilding includes conflict vulnerability analyses, peacebuilding programming and evaluation, and community-driven/participatory development in post-conflict settings (Somalia, South Sudan, Gaza Strip).

Chloe’s career covers project experience in over 40 countries. She served as a political appointee at USAID under the Obama Administration, as Senior Advisor on democracy, human rights, and governance in sub-Saharan Africa, and on LGBTQ+ issues globally. Later she was VP for Global Programs at Freedom House, and then she did a one-year grant at ICRW to direct research on social inclusion, GBV, male engagement, and child marriage. She currently serves as an adjunct professor at the School of Public Policy at the University of Maryland at College Park.

Anna Malavisi, in a black top
Anna Malavisi
Vice President
Dr. Anna Malavisi is Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy & Humanistic Studies at Western Connecticut State University. She has a PhD in philosophy from Michigan State University. Her dissertation, Global development and its discontents: rethinking the theory and practice is a critical analysis of global development from an ethical and feminist epistemology perspective. Her interests include: practical and global ethics, feminist philosophy/epistemology, social and political thought, environmental philosophy, and peace and justice issues. She has a Master of Health and International Development and has worked for 16 years in Latin America in the NGO sector in areas of development management and practice. She is currently the secretary of the International Development Ethics Association (IDEA).

The Center for Values in International Development
1140 Connecticut Ave NW #900
Washington, DC 20036
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